GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, August 16, the 229th day of 2015 with 137 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:51 and sunset is @ 7:45. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Mars, Neptune & Uranus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Saturn & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1777 – During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Bennington took place. New England’s minutemen routed the British regulars. 

1812 – Detroit fell to Indian and British troops in the War of 1812. 

1829 – The “Siamese twins,” Chang and Eng Bunker, arrived in Boston, MA. They had come to the Western world to be exhibited. They were 18 years old and joined at the waist. 

1842 – In New York City, the U.S. government took over operations of the City Despatch Post. This was the first congressionally authorized local postage delivery. 

1858 – A telegraphed message from Britain’s Queen Victoria to U.S. President Buchanan was transmitted over the recently laid trans-Atlantic cable. 

1861 – U.S. President Lincoln prohibited the Union states from trading with the states of the Confederacy. 

1923 – Carnegie Steel Corporation put into place the eight-hour workday for its employees. 

1930 – The first British Empire Games were held at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The event is now called the British Commonwealth Games. 

1937 – Harvard University became the first school to have graduate courses in traffic engineering and administration. 

1954 – Sports Illustrated was published for the first time. It was claimed that 250,000 subscriptions had been sold before the first issue came off of the presses. 

1954 – Jack Paar replaced Walter Cronkite as host of “The Morning Show” on CBS-TV. 

1960 – Cyprus was granted independence by Britain. 

1960 – The free-fall world record was set by Joseph Kittinger. He fell more than 16 miles (about 84,000 feet) before opening his parachute over New Mexico. 

1978 – Xerox was fined for excluding Smith-Corona Mfg. from the copier market. The fine was $25.6 million. 

1984 – The U.S. Jaycees voted to admit women to full membership in the organization. 

1995 – Voters in Bermuda rejected independence from Great Britain. 

1999 – In Russia, Vladimir V. Putin was confirmed as prime minister by the lower house of parliament.

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