GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS MONDAY, November 19, the 323rd day of 2018 with 42 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:39 and sunset is @ 4:18. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1794 – Britain’s King George III signed the Jay Treaty. It resolved the issues left over from the Revolutionary War.
1850 – The first life insurance policy for a woman was issued. Carolyn Ingraham, 36 years old, bought the policy in Madison, NJ.
1863 – U.S. President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania.
1893 – The first newspaper color supplement was published in the Sunday New York World.
1895 – The “paper pencil” was patented by Frederick E. Blaisdell.
1919 – The U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles with a vote of 55 in favor to 39 against. A two-thirds majority was needed for ratification.
1928 – “Time” magazine presented its cover in color for the first time. The subject was Japanese Emperor Hirohito.
1942 – During World War II, Russian forces launched their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
1954 – Two automatic toll collectors were placed in service on the Garden State Parkway in New Jersey.
1959 – Ford Motor Co. announced it was ending the production of the unpopular Edsel.
1969 – Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made man’s second landing on the moon.
1970 – Hafiz al-Assad seized power in Syria.
1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to set foot in Israel on an official visit.
1979 – Nolan Ryan (Houston Astros) signed a four-year contract for $4.5 million. At the time, Ryan was the highest paid player in major league baseball.
1981 – U.S. Steel agreed to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil.
1984 – Dwight Gooden, 20-year-old, of the New York Mets, became the youngest major-league pitcher to be named Rookie of the Year in the National League. (MLB)
1985 – U.S. President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.
1990 – NATO and the Warsaw Pact signed a treaty of nonaggression.
1993 – The U.S. Senate approved a sweeping $22.3 billion anti-crime measure.
1994 – The U.N. Security Council authorized NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
1997 – In Carlisle, IA, septuplets were born to Bobbi McCaughey. It was only the second known case where all seven were born alive.
1998 – The impeachment inquiry of U.S. President Clinton began.
1998 – Vincent van Gogh’s “Portrait of the Artist Without Beard” sold at auction for more than $71 million.
1998 – Michelle Lee received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1999 – In Istanbul, Turkey, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) concluded a two-day summit after adopting a new arms accord. During the conference, Russia was criticized for its military campaign against Chechnya’s separatist movement.
2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush signed the most comprehensive air security bill in U.S. history.
2002 – The oil tanker Prestige broke into two pieces and sank off northwest Spain. The tanker lost about 2 million gallons of fuel oil when it ruptured November 13th and was towed about 150 miles out to sea.
2002 – The U.S. government completed its takeover of security at 424 airports nationwide.
2003 – Eight competing designs for a memorial to the victims of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center were unveiled. One design would be built at the site of the World Trade Center.
2007 – The Amazon Kindle was first released.