GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS TUESDAY, September 01, the 245th day of 2015 with 121 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:08 and sunset is @ 7:20. The moon is wanxing. The morning stars are stars are Mars, Neptune & Uranus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Saturn & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1799 – The Bank of Manhattan Company opened in New York City, NY. It was the forerunner of Chase Manhattan.
1807 – Former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason.
1810 – The first plow with interchangeable parts was patented by John J. Wood.
1859 – The Pullman sleeping car was placed into service.
1878 – Emma M. Nutt became the first female telephone operator in the U.S. The company was the Telephone Dispatch Company of Boston.
1884 – The Thomas A. Edison Construction Department and the Edison Company for Isolated Lighting merged.
1887 – Emile Berliner filed for a patent for his invention of the lateral-cut, flat-disk gramophone. It is a device that is better known as a record player. Thomas Edison made the idea work.
1897 – The first section of Boston’s subway system was opened.
1905 – Saskatchewan and Alberta became the ninth and tenth provinces of Canada.
1906 – Jack Coombs of the American League’s Philadelphia Athletics pitched 24 innings against the Boston Red Sox. (MLB)
1922 – The first daily news program on radio was “The Radio Digest,” on WBAY radio in New York City, NY.
1939 – World War II began when Germany invaded Poland.
1942 – A federal judge in Sacramento, CA, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.
1945 – The U.S. received official word of Japan’s formal surrender that ended World War II. In Japan, it was actually September 2nd.
1949 – “Martin Kane, Private Eye” debuted on NBC-TV.
1951 – The ANZUS Treaty, a mutual defense pact, was signed by the U.S., Australia and New Zealand.
1969 – Col. Moammar Gadhafi came into power in Libya after the government was overthrown.
1970 – The last episode of “I Dream of Jeannie” aired on NBC-TV. The show premiered was on September 18, 1965.
1971 – Danny Murtaugh (Pittsburgh Pirates) gave his lineup card to the umpire with the names of nine black baseball players on it. This was a first for Major League Baseball.
1972 – America’s Bobby Fischer beat Russia’s Boris Spassky to become world chess champion. The chess match took place in Reykjavik, Iceland.
1979 – The U.S. Pioneer 11 became the first spacecraft to visit Saturn.
1982 – J.R. Richard returned to major league baseball after a two-year absence following a near-fatal stroke.
1982 – Mexican President Jose Lopez Portillo closed all the country’s private banks.
1985 – The Titanic was found by Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean Louis Michel in a joint U.S. and French expedition. The wreck site is located 963 miles northeast of New York and 453 miles southeast of the Newfoundland coast.
1986 – Jerry Lewis raised a record $34 million for Muscular Dystrophy during his annual telethon for Jerry’s kids over the Labor Day weekend.
1997 – In France, the prosecutor’s office announced that the driver of the car, in which Britain’s Princess Diana was killed, was over the legal alcohol limit.
1998 – The movie “Titanic” went on sale across North America.
1998 – Mark McGwire (St. Louis Cardinals) hit his 56th and 57th homeruns to set a new National League record. He would eventually reach a total of 70 for the season on September 27.
1998 – J.K. Rowling’s book “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” was released in the U.S. This was the first book in the Harry Potter series.
1998 – Vietnam released 5,000 prisoners, including political dissidents, on National Day.
1999 – Twenty-two of major league baseball’s 68 permanent umpires were replaced. The problem arose from their union’s failed attempt to force an early start to negotiations for a new labor contract.