GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SATURDAY, August 23, the 235th day of 2014 with 130 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:59 and sunset is @ 7:34. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1541 – Jacques Cartier landed near Quebec on his third voyage to North America.

1775 – King George III of England refused the American colonies’ offer of peace and declared them in open rebellion.

1821 – After 11 years of war, Spain granted Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy.

1902 – Fanny Farmer, among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opened her School of Cookery in Boston.

1914 – Japan declared war on Germany in World War I.

1927 – Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian-American anarchists, accused of robbery and murder on April 15, 1920 were sent to the electric chair.

1944 – Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescu was dismissed by King Michael, paving the way for Romania to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies.

1950 – Up to 77,000 members of the U.S. Army Organized Reserve Corps were called involuntarily to active duty to fight the Korean War.

1979 – Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected while the Bolshoi Ballet was on tour in New York.

1989 – Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black teenager, was shot to death after he and his friends were confronted by white youths in a Brooklyn neighborhood.

2005 – TANS Peru Flight 204 crashes near Pucallpa, Peru, killing 41.

2005 – Israeli forces evicted militant holdouts from two Jewish settlements, completing a historic withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and part of the West Bank.

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