GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, July 05, the 186th day of 2018 with 179 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:12 and sunset is @ 8:24. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1806 – A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1811 – Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
1814 – U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada.
1830 – France occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1832 – The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.
1839 – British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and then occupied it.
1863 – U.S. Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, MS, and distributed supplies to the citizens.
1865 – William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
1865 – The U.S. Secret Service Division was created to combat currency counterfeiting, forging and the altering of currency and securities..
1892 – Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
1916 – Adelina and August Van Buren started on the first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour to be attempted by two women. They started in New York City and arrived in San Diego, CA, on September 12, 1916.
1935 – “Hawaii Call” was broadcast for the first time.
1935 – U.S. President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act into law. The act authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
1940 – During World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
1941 – German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1943 – The battle of Kursk began as German tanks attack the Soviet salient. It was the largest tank battle in history.
1946 – The bikini bathing suit, created by Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. Micheline Bernardini wore the two-piece outfit.
1947 – Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.
1950 – U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.
1951 – Dr. William Shockley announced that he had invented the junction transistor.
1962 – Algeria became independent after 132 years of French rule.
1975 – Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title when he defeated Jimmy Connors.
1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old “exclusionary rule,” deciding that evidence seized with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
1989 – Former U.S. National Security Council aide Oliver North received a $150,000 fine and a suspended prison term for his part in the Iran-Contra affair. The convictions were later overturned.
1991 – Regulators shut down the Pakistani-managed Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) in eight countries. The charge was fraud, drug money laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system.
1995 – The U.S. Justice Department decided not to take antitrust action against Ticketmaster.
1998 – Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.
2000 – Jordanian security agents shot and killed a Syrian hijacker after he threw a grenade that exploded and wounded 15 passengers aboard a Royal Jordanian airliner.
2000 – 10 Bengal tigers, including 7 rare white tigers, died at the Nandankanan Zoo in India. The tigers died of trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).
2000 – Euan Blair, the oldest son of British prime minister Tony Blair, was arrested after police found him drunk and lying on the ground in London’s Leicester Square.