GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS by John Dwyer 

GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, April 16, the 106th day of 2017 with 259 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:01 and sunset is @ 7:26. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 0069 – Otho committed suicide after being defeated by Vitellius’ troops at Bedriacum. 

0556 – Pelagius I began his reign as Catholic Pope. 

1065 – The Norman Robert Guiscard took Bari. Five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy ended. 

1175 – Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, signed the Treaty of Montebello with the Lombard League. 

1705 – Queen Anne of England knighted Isaac Newton. 

1746 – The Duke of Cumberland defeated Bonnie Prince Charlie (and his Jacobites) at the battle of Culloden. 

1818 – The U.S. Senate ratified Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border. 

1851 – A lighthouse was swept away in a gale at Minot’s Ledge, MA. 

1854 – San Salvador was destroyed by an earthquake. 

1862 – Confederate President Jefferson Davis approved conscription act for white males between 18 and 35. 

1862 – In the U.S., slavery was abolished by law in the District of Columbia. 

1883 – Paul Kruger became president of the South African Republic. 

1900 – The first book of postage stamps was issued. The two-cent stamps were available in books of 12, 24 and 48 stamps. 

1905 – Andrew Carnegie donated $10,000,000 of personal money to set up the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 

1912 – Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel. 

1917 – Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returned to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution after years of exile. 

1922 – Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, to set a women’s record. 

1922 – The Soviet Union and Germany signed the Treaty of Rapallo under which Germany recognized the Soviet Union and diplomatic and trade relations were restored. 

1935 – “Fibber McGee and Molly” premiered. 

1940 – The first no-hit, no-run game to be thrown on an opening day of the major league baseball season was earned by Bob Feller. The Cleveland Indians beat the Chicago White Sox 1-0. 

1942 – The Island of Malta was awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. 

1943 – In Basel, Switzerland, chemist Albert Hoffman accidently discovered the the hallucinogenic effects of LSD-25 while working on the medicinal value of lysergic acid. 

1944 – The destroyer USS Laffey survived immense damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa. 

1945 – American troops entered Nuremberg, Germany. 

1947 – The Zoomar lens, invented by Dr. Frank Back, was demonstrated in New York City. It was the first lens to exhibit zooming effects. 

1947 – In Texas City, TX, the French ship Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate fertilizer, caught fire and blew up. The explosions and resulting fires killed 576 people. 

1948 – In Paris, the Organization for European Economic Co-operation was set up. 

1951 – 75 people were killed when the British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel. 

1953 – The British royal yacht Britannia was launched. 

1962 – Walter Cronkite began anchoring “The CBS Evening News”. 

1967 – At the Western Open in El Monte, CA, Ken Barnes Jr. became the first skeet shooter to break a perfect 400 x 400 in all four guns (.410, 28, 20, and 12 gauges). He is also the only shooter to do this with pump action guns. 

1968 – The Pentagon announced that troops would begin coming home from Vietnam. 

1968 – Major league baseball’s longest night game was played when the Houston Astros defeated the New York Mets 1-0. The 24 innings took six hours, six minutes to play. 

1972 – Apollo 16 blasted off on a voyage to the moon. It was the fifth manned moon landing. 

1972 – Two giants pandas arrived in the U.S. from China. 

1975 – The Khmer Rouge Rebels won control of Cambodia after a five years of civil war. They renamed the country Kampuchea and began a reign of terror. 

1978 – In Orissa, India, 180 people died when a tornado hit. 

1982 – Queen Elizabeth proclaimed Canada’s new constitution in effect. The act severed the last colonial links with Britain. 

1983 – China shelled the Vietnam border in retaliation for raids. 

1983 – Brazil detained four Libyan planes en route to Nicaragua after finding weapons, explosives and ammunition on the planes. 

1985 – Mickey Mantle was reinstated after being banned from baseball for several years. 

1987 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) sternly warned U.S. radio stations to watch the use of indecent language on the airwaves. 

1987 – The U.S. Patent Office began allowing the patenting of new animals created by genetic engineering. 

1992 – Italian financier Carlo de Benedetti and 32 others were convicted of fraud in connection with the 1982 collapse of Banco Ambrosiano. 

1992 – The House ethics committee listed 303 current and former lawmakers who had overdrawn their House bank accounts. 

1995 – The European Union and Canada agreed to protect threatened fish stocks in the north Atlantic. 

1996 – Britain’s Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah, the Duchess of York, announced that they were in the process of getting a divorce. 

1996 – An Italian court found former Prime Minister Bettino Craxi guilty on charges of corruption. He was sentenced to eight years and three months in prison. 

1999 – Wayne Gretzky announced his retirement from the National Hockey League (NHL). 

2002 – The U.S. Supreme Court overturned major parts of a 1996 child pornography law based on rights to free speech. 

2007 – In Blacksburg, VA, a student killed 33 people at Virginia Tech before killing himself. 

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