GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, March 09, the 68th day of 2017 with 297 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:06 and sunset is @ 5:42. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1454 – Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence, Italy. Matthias Ringmann, a German mapmaker, named the American continent in his honor. 

1617 – The Treaty of Stolbovo ended the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops. 

1734 – The Russians took Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland. 

1745 – The first carillon was shipped from England to Boston, MA. 

1793 – Jean Pierre Blanchard made the first balloon flight in North America. The event was witnessed by U.S. President George Washington. 

1796 – Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine de Beauharnais were married. They were divorced in 1809. 

1799 – The U.S. Congress contracted with Simeon North, of Berlin, CT, for 500 horse pistols at the price of $6.50 each. 

1812 – Swedish Pomerania was seized by Napoleon. 

1820 – The U.S. Congress passed the Land Act that paved the way for westward expansion of North America. 

1822 – Charles M. Graham received the first patent for artificial teeth. 

1832 – Abraham Lincoln announced that he would run for a political office for the first time. He was unsuccessful in his run for a seat in the Illinois state legislature. 

1839 – The French Academy of Science announced the Daguerreotype photo process. 

1858 – Albert Potts was awarded a patent for the letter box. 

1859 – The National Association of Baseball Players adopted the rule that limited the size of bats to no more than 2-1/2 inches in diameter. 

1860 – The first Japanese ambassador to the U.S. was appointed. 

1862 – During the U.S. Civil War, the ironclads Monitor and Virginia fought to a draw in a five-hour battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia. 

1863 – General Ulysses Grant was appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces. 

1897 – A patent was issued to William Spinks and William Hoskins for cue chalk. 

1900 – In Germany, women petition Reichstag for the right to take university entrance exams. 

1905 – In Egypt, U.S. archeologist Davies discovered the royal tombs of Tua and Yua. 

1905 – In Manchuria, Japanese troops surrounded 200,000 Russian troops that were retreating from Mudken. 

1905 – In Congo, Belgian Vice Gov. Costermans committed suicide following an investigation of colonial policy.

1906 – In the Philippines, fifteen Americans and 600 Moros were killed in the last two days of fighting. 

1909 – The French National Assembly passed an income tax bill. 

1910 – Union men urged for a national sympathy strike for miners in Pennsylvania. 

1911 – The funding for five new battleships was added to the British military defense budget. 

1916 – Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico. 17 people were killed by the 1,500 horsemen. 

1929 – Eric Krenz became the first athlete to toss the discus over 160 feet. 

1932 – Eamon De Valera was elected president of the Irish Free State and pledged to abolish all loyalty to the British Crown. 

1933 – The U.S. Congress began its 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. 

1936 – The German press warned that all Jews who vote in the upcoming elections would be arrested. 

1945 – “Those Websters” debuted on CBS radio. 

1945 – During World War II, U.S. B-29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Japan. 

1946 – The A.F.L. accused Juan Peron of using the army to establish a dictatorship over Argentine labor. 

1949 – The first all-electric dining car was placed in service on the Illinois Central Railroad. 

1954 – WNBT-TV (now WNBC-TV), in New York, broadcast the first local color television commercials. The ad was Castro Decorators of New York City. (New York) 

1956 – British authorities arrested and deported Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus. He was accused of supporting terrorists. 

1957 – Egyptian leader Nasser barred U.N. plans to share the tolls for the use of the Suez Canal. 

1959 – Mattel introduced Barbie at the annual Toy Fair in New York. 

1964 – Production began on the first Ford Mustang. 

1965 – The first U.S. combat troops arrived in South Vietnam. 

1967 – Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin’s daughter defected to the United States. 

1969 – “The Smothers Brothers’ Comedy Hour” was canceled by CBS-TV. 

1975 – Work began on the Alaskan oil pipeline. 

1975 – Iraq launched an offensive against the rebel Kurds. 

1977 – About a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims invaded three buildings in Washington, DC. They killed one person and took more than 130 hostages. The siege ended two days later. 

1983 – The official Soviet news agency TASS says that U.S. President Reagan is full of “bellicose lunatic anti-communism.” 

1985 – “Gone With The Wind” went on sale in video stores across the U.S. for the first time. 

1986 – U.S. Navy divers found the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger along with the remains of the astronauts. 

1987 – Chrysler Corporation offered to buy American Motors Corporation. 

1989 – The U.S. Senate rejected John Tower as a choice for a cabinet member. It was the first rejection in 30 years. 

1989 – In Maylasia, 30 Asian nations conferred on the issue of “boat people.” 

1989 – In the U.S., a strike forced Eastern Airlines into bankruptcy. 

1989 – In the U.S., President George H.W. Bush urged for a mandatory death penalty in drug-related killings. 

1990 – Dr. Antonia Novello was sworn in as the first female and Hispanic surgeon general. 

1993 – Rodney King testified at the federal trial of four Los Angeles police officers accused of violating his civil rights. (California) 

1995 – The Canadian Navy arrested a Spanish trawler for illegally fishing off of Newfoundland. 

2000 – In Norway, the coalition government of Kjell Magne Bondevik resigned as a result of an environmental dispute.

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