GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, November 18, the 323rd day of 2016 with 43 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:39 and sunset is @ 4:19. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mars, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mercury, Neptune & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1477 – William Caxton produced “Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres,” which was the first book to be printed in England. 

1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer became the first American to sight the continent of Antarctica. 

1865 – Samuel L. Clemens published “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” under the pen name “Mark Twain” in the New York “Saturday Press.” 

1883 – The U.S. and Canada adopted a system of standard time zones. 

1903 – The U.S. and Panama signed a treaty that granted the U.S. rights to build the Panama Canal. 

1916 – Douglas Haig, commander of the British Expeditionary Force in World War I, called off the Battle of the Somme in France. The offensive began on July 1, 1916. 

1928 – The first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon premiered in New York. It was Walt Disney’s “Steamboat Willie,” starring Mickey Mouse. 

1936 – Germany and Italy recognized the Spanish government of Francisco Franco. 

1942 – “The Skin of Our Teeth,” by Thornton Wilder opened on Broadway. 

1951 – Chuck Connors (Los Angeles Angels) became the first player to oppose the major league draft. Connors later became the star of the television show “The Rifleman.” 

1959 – William Wyler’s “Ben-Hur” premiered at Loew’s Theater in New York City’s Times Square. 

1966 – Sandy Koufax (Los Angeles Dodgers) announced his retirement from major league baseball. 

1966 – U.S. Roman Catholic bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays. 

1969 – Apollo 12 astronauts Charles “Pete” Conrad Jr. and Alan L. Bean landed on the lunar surface during the second manned mission to the moon. 

1976 – The parliament of Spain approved a bill that established a democracy after 37 years of dictatorship. 

1983 – Argentina announced its ability to produce enriched uranium for use in nuclear weapons. 

1985 – Joe Theismann (Washington Redskins) broke his leg after being hit by Lawrence Taylor (New York Giants). The injury ended Theismann’s 12 year National Football League (NFL) career. 

1987 – The U.S. Congress issued the Iran-Contra Affair report. The report said that President Ronald Reagan bore “ultimate responsibility” for wrongdoing by his aides. 

1987 – CBS Inc. announced it had agreed to sell its record division to Sony Corp. for about $2 billion. 

1988 – U.S. President Reagan signed major legislation provided the death penalty for drug traffickers who kill. 

1993 – The U.S. House of Representatives joined the U.S. Senate in approving legislation aimed at protecting abortion facilities, staff and patients. 

1993 – American Airlines flight attendants went on strike. They ended their strike only 4 days later. 

1993 – Representatives from 21 South African political parties approved a new constitution. 

1997 – First Union Corp. announced its purchase of CoreStates Financial Corp. for $16.1 billion. To date it was the largest banking deal in U.S. history. 

2001 – Nintendo released the GameCube home video game console in the United States.

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