GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, July 16, the 197th day of 2015 with 168 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:20 and sunset is @ 8:19. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune & Uranus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1765 – Prime Minister of England Lord Greenville resigned and was replaced by Lord Rockingham.

1774 – Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.

1779 – American troops under General Anthony Wayne captured Stony Point, NY.

1790 – The District of Columbia, or Washington, DC, was established as the permanent seat of the United States Government.

1791 – Louis XVI was suspended from office until he agreed to ratify the constitution.

1845 – The New York Yacht Club hosted the first American boating regatta.

1862 – David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the U.S. Navy.

1875 – The new French constitution was finalized.

1912 – Bradley A. Fiske patented the airplane torpedo.

1926 – The first underwater color photographs appeared in “National Geographic” magazine. The pictures had been taken near the Florida Keys.

1935 – Oklahoma City became the first city in the U.S. to install parking meters.

1940 – Adolf Hitler ordered the preparations to begin on the invasion of England, known as Operation Sea Lion.

1942 – French police officers rounded up 13,000 Jews and held them in the Winter Velodrome. The round-up was part of an agreement between Pierre Laval and the Nazis. Germany had agreed to not deport French Jews if France arrested foreign Jews.

1944 – Soviet troops occupied Vilna, Lithuania, in their drive toward Germany.

1945 – The United States detonated the first atomic bomb in a test at Alamogordo, NM.

1950 – The largest crowd in sporting history was 199,854. They watched the Uruguay defeat Brazil in the World Cup soccer finals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

1951 – J.D. Salinger’s novel “The Catcher in the Rye” was first published.

1957 – Marine Major John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record when he flew a jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds.

1964 – Little League Baseball Incorporated was granted a Federal Charter unanimously by the United States Senate and House of Representatives.

1969 – Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, FL, and began the first manned mission to land on the moon.

1970 – The Pittsburgh Pirates played their first game at Three Rivers Stadium.

1973 – Alexander P. Butterfield informed the Senate committee investigating the Watergate affair of the existence of recorded tapes.

1979 – Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq after forcing Hasan al-Bakr to resign.

1981 – After 23 years with the name Datsun, executives of Nissan changed the name of their cars to Nissan.

1985 – The All-Star Game, televised on NBC-TV, was the first program broadcast in stereo by a TV network.

2005 – J.K. Rowling’s book “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince” was released. It was the sixth in the Harry Potter series. The book sold 6.9 million copies on its first day of release.

2009 – In Chicago, Sears Tower was renamed Willis Tower.

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