GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SATURDAY, January 31, the 31st day of 2015 with 334 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:59 and sunset is @ 4:55. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1848 – Major John C. Fremont, popular for his mapmaking expeditions to the West, was court-martialed on grounds of mutiny and disobeying orders. Stephen Kearny brought charges against Fremont when a dispute arose over who held governing authority in California.

1865 – General Robert E. Lee was named general-in-chief of all the Confederate armies.

1865 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery.
1917 – Germany announced the renewal of unlimited submarine warfare in the Atlantic, and German torpedo-armed submarines prepare to attack any and all ships sighted in war-zone waters.
1940 – The first Social Security check was issued, to Ida May Fuller of Vermont.
1945 – Private Eddie Slovik became the only U.S. soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.
1949 – The TV daytime soap opera, “These Are My Children,” was broadcast on NBC; it was the first to be aired on a major American network.
1950 – President Harry Truman announced he had ordered development of the hydrogen bomb.
1958 – The United States entered the Space Age with its first successful launch of a satellite into orbit, Explorer I.
1971 – Apollo 14, piloted by astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell, and Stuart A. Roosa, was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a manned mission to the moon.
1990 – McDonald’s Corporation opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow.
2001 – A court in the Netherlands convicted one Libyan and acquitted a second in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
2005 – The Michael Jackson child molestation trial begins in Santa Maria, California.

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