GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, November 14, the 318th day of 2014 with 47 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:33 and sunset is @ 4:23. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1501 – Arthur Tudor of England married Katherine of Aragon.
1666 – First blood transfusion took place; it was performed by Dr. Croone in England.
1732 – The Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin, signed a contract with its first librarian. The Library Company served as the de facto Library of Congress until 1800.
1770 – Scottish explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia.
1832 – The first streetcar — a horse-drawn vehicle called the John Mason — went into operation in New York City.
1851 – Herman Melville’s novel “Moby Dick” was first published in the United States.
1889 – Newspaper reporter Nellie Bly set off to attempt to break Jules Verne’s imaginary hero Phileas Fogg’s record of voyaging around the world in 80 days. She beat the record, needing just over 72 days for the trip.
1922 – The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began its first radio broadcasts.
1935 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippines a free commonwealth.
1940 – German Luftwaffe bombers virtually destroyed the industrial town of Coventry, England.
1943 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, and all of America’s top military brass, narrowly escaped disaster aboard the U.S. battleship Iowa, when a live torpedo is accidentally fired at them from the U.S. destroyer William D. Porter.
1968 – Yale University announced that it will become co-ed.
1969 – Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the moon, was launched, with astronauts Charles Conrad, Jr., Richard F. Gordon, Jr., and Alan L. Bean aboard.
1972 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above the 1,000 level for the first time.
1982 – Solidarity leader Lech Walesa was released from prison after 11 months.
2002 – Nancy Pelosi of California was elected to succeed Richard Gephardt, who chose to step down, as leader of the Democratic Party in the U.S. House of Representatives; she was the first woman to be named leader of either party in either house of Congress.