TODAY IS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, the 268th day of 2014 with 98 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:3 and sunset is @ 6:4. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune & Saturn.
ON THIS DAY IN: 622 – Mohammed and his followers commenced the Hegira, or “flight,” to Medina, where he founded Islam.
1742 – Faneuil Hall opened in Boston.
1788 – French Parliament of Paris reassembled after having been dissolved.
1789 – Congress passed the first Judiciary Act, which provided for an attorney general and a Supreme Court.
1852 – French engineer Henri Giffard made the first flight in an airship that was powered by a steam engine.
1869 – Wall Street panic took place when financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market.
1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt signed a bill designating Devils Tower, a natural rock formation in the Black Hills of Wyoming, as the country’s first National Monument.
1914 – German army captured St. Mihiel.
1929 – First all-instrument flight took place; it was piloted by U.S. Army Lieutenant James H. Doolittle.
1930 – Noel Coward’s comedy “Private Lives” opened in London.
1960 – USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Virginia.
1962 – University of Mississippi agreed to admit James Meredith as the first black university student.
1963 – U.S. Senate ratified a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing and development.
1964 – “The Munsters” premiered on TV.
1969 – Trial of the so-called “Chicago Eight” (or “Chicago Seven”) began for the political radicals accused of conspiring to incite the riots that occurred during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
1969 – “60 Minutes” debuted.
1975 – Brits Dougal Huston and Doug Scott became the first to reach the summit of Mount Everest via the southwest face.
1976 – Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. She is later released after 22 months, having received clemency.
1988 – The first female Episcopal assistant bishop was ordained (Barbara Harris).
1993 – Imelda Marcos, wife of the late Ferdinand Marcos, former dictator of the Philippines, was sentenced to 18 years imprisonment for corruption.
1993 – Sihanouk was reinstalled as king of Cambodia.
1998 – A new, harder-to-counterfeit US $20 bill was introduced.