During extreme cold
* Try to minimize time outside, even for pets.
* If you do need to go outside dress in several layers of loose-fitting, lightweight clothing . Outer garments should be tightly woven and water repellent. Wear a hat, mittens (not gloves), and sturdy waterproof boots to protect your extremities. Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect your lungs.
* Follow all safety precautions if using space heaters and DO NOT use a stove or oven as a heat source.
* Wrap pipes in insulation or layers of newspapers covered in plastic to prevent them from freezing. Let a trickle of warm water run from a faucet to keep water moving through your pipes.
* If your pipes freeze, remove any insulation, pour hot water over them or wrap them with towels soaked in hot water, and completely open all faucets. You can also use a hair dryer, with caution, to thaw pipes. Never use an open flame to thaw pipes.
* Check on neighbors and family, especially the elderly and infirmed.
* Watch for signs of cold-related health concerns like frostbite and hypothermia and call 911 immediately for any emergencies.
You can find more information on staying safe during extreme cold at http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/emergencies/cold/.