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GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, March 19, the 79th day of 2020 with 287 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:49 and sunset is @ 6:54. The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1571 – Spanish troops occupied Manila.
1628 – The Massachusetts colony was founded by Englishmen.
1644 – 200 members of the Peking imperial family/court committed suicide.
1687 – French explorer La Salle was murdered by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, in the Gulf of Mexico.
1702 – Upon the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, the sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1748 – The English Naturalization Act passed granting Jews right to colonize in the U.S.
1775 – Poland & Prussia signed a trade agreement.
1822 – The city of Boston, MA, was incorporated.
1831 – The first bank robbery in America was reported. The City Bank of New York City lost $245,000 in the robbery.
1900 – Archeologist Arthur John Evans began the excavation of Knossos Palace in Greece.
1903 – The U.S. Senate ratified the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda.
1905 – French explorer S. de Segonzac was taken prisoner by Moroccans.
1906 – Reports from Berlin estimated the cost of the German war in S.W. Africa at $150 million.
1908 – The state of Maryland barred Christian Scientists from practicing without medical diplomas.
1915 – Pluto was photographed for the first time. However, it was not known at the time.
1931 – The state of Nevada legalized gambling.
1942 – The Thoroughbred Racing Association was formed in Chicago.
1944 – Tippett’s oratorium “Child of Our Time,” premiered in London.
1945 – About 800 people were killed as Japanese kamikaze planes attacked the U.S. carrier Franklin off Japan.
1945 – Adolf Hitler issued his “Nero Decree” which ordered the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands as German forces were retreating.
1947 – Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces took control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party.
1963 – In Costa Rica, U.S. President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledged to fight Communism.
1964 – Sean Connery began shooting his role in “Goldfinger.”
1965 – Rembrandt’s “Titus” sold for $7,770,000.
1968 – Students at Howard University students seized an administration building.
1977 – The last episode of “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” aired.
1979 – The U.S. House of Representatives began broadcasting its daily business on TV.
1981 – During a test of the space shuttle Columbia two workers were injured and one was killed.
1990 – Latvia’s political opposition claimed victory in the republic’s first free elections in 50 years.
2001 – California officials declared a power alert and ordered the first of two days of rolling blackouts.
2002 – Operation Anaconda, the largest U.S.-led ground offensive since the Gulf War, ended in eastern Afghanistan. During the operation, which began on March 2, it was reported that at least 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters were killed. Eleven allied troops were killed during the same operation.
2002 – Actor Ben Kingsley was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace.
2003 – U.S. President George W. Bush announced that U.S. forces had launched a strike against “targets of military opportunity” in Iraq. The attack, using cruise missiles and precision-guided bombs, were aimed at Iraqi leaders thought to be near Baghdad.
2015 – Apple replaced AT&T in the Dow Jones Industrial Average.