GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, October 02, the 275th day of 2014 with 90 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:42 and sunset is @ 6:25. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune & Saturn.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1187 – Saladin, the Muslim sultan, captured Jerusalem after its 88-year occupation by the Franks.
1608 – First telescope was demonstrated by the Dutch lens maker, Hans Lipperschey.
1780 – British Major John Andre was hanged as a spy by U.S. forces in Tappan, New York, during the
1835 – The first battle of the Texas Revolution was waged near the Guadalupe River.
1836 – Charles Darwin returned from his five-year survey of South American waters aboard the HMS Beagle.
1870 – Rome became the capital of the newly unified Italy. The previous capital was Florence.
1871 – Morman leader Brigham Young was arrested for polygamy.
1909 – Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet.
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.
1944 – Nazi troops crushed the 63-day-old Warsaw Uprising; one-quarter million Poles died.
1950 – Comic strip “Peanuts,” by Charles M. Schultz, was first published in nine newspapers,
1955 – “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” had its TV premiere.
1958 – Guinea became the independent Republic of Guinea, rejecting the new French constitution.
1959 – “The Twilight Zone” premiered.
1964 – Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.
1967 – Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American (associate) justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 – California’s Redwood National Park was established.
1975 – Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, was welcomed by President Gerald Ford.
1990 – Senate confirmed the Supreme Court nomination of Justice David H. Souter.
1996 – Former Bulgarian premier Andrei Lukanov was shot and killed by an unidentified gunman.
2002 – A man was shot and killed in a grocery store parking lot in Wheaton, Maryland, becoming the first victim in a series of sniper attacks in the Washington, D.C. area, that left 10 dead.
2006 – Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school inNickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.