GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, the 268th day of 2014 with 97 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:34 and sunset is @ 6:38. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1493 – Christopher Columbus embarked on his second voyage to the New World.

1513 – Vasco Nunez de Balboa became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.

1676 – Greenwich Mean Time began when two very accurate clocks are set in motion at theRoyal Observatory at Greenwich, England. Greenwich Mean Time, now known as Universal Time, became the standard for the world in 1884.

1690 – “Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick,” the first U.S. newspaper, published its first and last editions (Boston).

1775 – American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen was captured by the British when he tried to invade Canada.

1789 – The first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America and sent them to the states for ratification. Ten of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.

1804 – The Twelfth Amendment was ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president.

1847 – After a four-day fight, Monterey, Mexico was captured by U.S. forces under General Zachary Taylor, the future U.S. president.

1882 – First doubleheader was played in Major League Baseball: Providence v. Worcester.

1890 – Sequoia National Park and Kings Canyon National Park was established by PresidentBenjamin Harrison.

1890 – Wilford Woodruff, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, issued his “Manifesto” renouncing the practice of polygamy. His reforms cleared the way for Utah to be accepted as the 45th state of the Union.

1890 – U.S. Congress established Yosemite National Park.

1918 – Brazil declared war on Austria.

1926 – Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company announced the 8-hour, 5-day work week.

1937 – German Chancellor Adolf Hitler met with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.

1942 – War Labor Board ordered equal pay for women in the United States.

1957 – U.S. Army troops escorted nine black children to their classes at Central High School inLittle Rock, Arkansas. Until the arrival of federal troops, riots and violence had prevented desegregation of the public school.

1959 – President Dwight Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev began Camp David talks.

1974 – Scientists warned that continued use of aerosol sprays would cause ozone depletion, leading to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes and warming.

1978 – A Pacific Southwest Airlines Boeing 727 collided with a private plane over San Diego, killing 144 people.

1979 – The musical “Evita” opened on Broadway.

1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor was sworn in as the first female justice on the Supreme Court.

1987 – The booty of the pirate ship Wydah, sunk in 1717, was auctioned off for $400 million.

1991 – A peace accord was signed in El Salvador ending an 11-year civil war.

2001 – Michael Jordan returned to basketball with the NBA’s Washington Wizards.

2005 – The Irish Republican Army (IRA) gives up its weapons in front of independent weapons inspectors.

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