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GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, October 10, the 282nd day of 2019 with 83 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:50 and sunset is @ 6:12. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Uranus and Venus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn & Uranus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1845 – The United States Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, MD.
1865 – The billiard ball was patented by John Wesley Hyatt.
1886 – The tuxedo dinner jacket made its U.S. debut in New York City.
1887 – Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph Company.
1911 – China’s Manchu dynasty was overthrown by revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen.
1913 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggered the explosion of the Gamboa Dike that ended the construction of the Panama Canal.
1928 – “Hold Everything” opened on Broadway.
1932 – “Betty and Bob” began on radio.
1932 – “Judy and Jane” began on radio.
1933 – Dreft, the first synthetic detergent, went on sale.
1937 – The Mutual Broadcasting System debuted “Thirty Minutes in Hollywood”.
1938 – Nazi Germany completed its annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.
1943 – Chaing Kai-shek took the oath of office as the president of China.
1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after the official had been refused service in a Dover, DE, restaurant.
1959 – Pan American World Airways announced the beginning of the first global airline service.
1963 – A dam burst in Italy killing 3,000 people.
1965 – The Red Baron made his first appearance in the “Peanuts” comic strip.
1973 – Fiji became independent after of nearly a century of British rule.
1977 – Joe Namath played the last game of his National Football League (NFL) career.
1978 – The U.S. bill authorizing the Susan B. Anthony dollar was signed by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
1984 – The U.S. Congress passed the 2nd Boland Amendment which outlawed solicitation of 3rd-party countries to support the Contras. The amendment barred the use of funds available to CIA, defense, or intelligence agencies for “supporting, directly or indirectly, military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, group, organization or individual.”
1987 – Tom McClean finished rowing across the Atlantic Ocean. It set the record at 54 days and 18 hours.
1991 – The United States cut all foreign aid to Haiti in reaction to a military coup that forced President Jean-Claude Aristide into exile.
1994 – Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras resigned as Haiti’s commander-in-chief of the army and pledged to leave the country.
1994 – Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border. No signs of a pullback were observed.
1995 – Gary Kasparov won a chess championship against Viswanathan Anand that had lasted about a month.
1997 – The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, opened to the public. Architect Frank Gehry designed the 450 ft. long and 98 ft. wide building.
2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush presented a list of 22 most wanted terrorists.
2003 – Rush Limbaugh announced that he was addicted to painkillers and that he was going to check into a rehab center.
2010 – In China, Canton Tower opened to the public.