GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, July 22, the 203rd day of 2018 with 162 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:2 and sunset is @ 8:1. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1376 – The legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin leading rats out of town is said to have occurred on this date.
1587 – A second English colony was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina. The colony vanished under mysterious circumstances.
1796 – Cleveland was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
1798 – The USS Constitution was underway and out to sea for the first time since being launched on October 21, 1797.
1812 – English troops under the Duke of Wellington defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.
1926 – Babe Ruth caught a baseball at Mitchell Field in New York. The ball had been dropped from an airplane flying at 250 feet.
1933 – Wiley Post ended his around-the-world flight. He had traveled 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
1937 – The U.S. Senate rejected President Roosevelt’s proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.
1943 – American forces led by General George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
1941 – Plans for the Pentagon were presented to the House Subcommittee on Appropriations.
1955 – U.S. Vice-President Richard M. Nixon chaired a cabinet meeting in Washington, DC. It was the first time that a Vice-President had carried out the task.
1965 – “Till Death Us Do Part” debuted on England’s BBC-TV.
1975 – Confederate General Robert E. Lee had his U.S. citizenship restored by the U.S. Congress.
1987 – The U.S. began its policy of escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers up and down the Persian Gulf to protect them from possible attack by Iran.
1998 – Iran tested medium-range missile, capable of reaching Israel or Saudi Arabia.
2000 – Astronomers at the University of Arizona announced that they had found a 17th moon orbiting Jupiter.
2003 – In northern Iraq, Saddam Hussein’s sons Odai and Qusai died after a gunfight with U.S. forces.
2003 – In Paris, France, a fire broke out near the top of the Eiffel Tower. About 4,000 visitors were evacuated and no injuries were reported.
2004 – The September 11 commission’s final report was released. The 575-page report concluded that hijackers exploited “deep institutional failings within our government.” The report was released to White House officials the day before.
2009 – The longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting up to 6 minutes and 38.8 seconds, occurred over parts of Asia and the Pacific Ocean.