GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS TUESDAY, July 25, the 203rd day of 2017 with 162 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:28 and sunset is @ 8:12. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 0326 – Constantine refused to carry out the traditional pagan sacrifices. 

1394 – Charles VI of France issued a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France. 

1564 – Maximillian II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. 

1587 – Japanese strong-man Hideyoshi banned Christianity in Japan and ordered all Christians to leave. 

1593 – France’s King Henry IV converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism. 

1759 – British forces defeated a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada. 

1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt. 

1805 – Aaron Burr visited New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans as the capital city. 

1845 – China granted Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States. 

1850 – In Worcester, MA, Harvard and Yale University freshmen met in the first intercollegiate billiards match. 

1850 – Gold was discovered in the Rogue River in OR. 

1854 – The paper collar was patented by Walter Hunt. 

1861 – The Crittenden Resolution, which called for the American Civil War to be fought to preserve the Union and not for slavery, was passed by the U.S. Congress. 

1866 – Ulysses S. Grant was named General of the Army. He was the first American officer to hold the rank. 

1868 – The U.S. Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory. 

1871 – Seth Wheeler patented perforated wrapping paper. 

1907 – Korea became a protectorate of Japan. 

1909 – French aviator Louis Bleriot flew across the English Channel in a monoplane. He traveled from Calais to Dover in 37 minutes. He was the first man to fly across the channel. 

1914 – Russia declared that it would act to protect Serbian sovereignty. 

1924 – Greece announced the deportation of 50,000 Armenians. 

1939 – W2XBS TV in New York City presented the first musical comedy seen on TV. The show was “Topsy and Eva.” 

1941 – The U.S. government froze all Japanese and Chinese assets. 

1943 – Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini was overthrown in a coup. 

1946 – The U.S. detonated an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific. It was the first underwater test of the device. 

1946 – Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis staged their first show as a team at Club 500 in Atlantic City, NJ. 

1947 – Fortune Gordien of Oslo, Norway set a world record discus throw of 178.47 feet. 

1952 – Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S. 

1978 – Louise Joy Brown, the first test-tube baby, was born in Oldham, England. She had been conceived through in-vitro fertilization. 

1978 – Pete Rose (Cincinnati Red) broke the National League record for consecutive base hits as he got a hit in 38 straight games. 

1984 – Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. She was aboard the orbiting space station Salyut 7. 

1987 – The Salt Lake City Trappers set a professional baseball record as the team won its 29th game in a row. (Utah) 

1994 – Israel and Jordan formally ended the state of war that had existed between them since 1948. 

1997 – K.R. Narayanan became India’s president. He was the first member of the Dalits caste to do so. 

1998 – The USS Harry S. Truman was commissioned and put into service by the U.S. Navy. 

1999 – Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France. He was only the second American to win the race. 

2010 – WikiLeaks leaked to the public more than 90,000 internal reports involving the U.S.-led War in Afghanistan from 2004-2010. 

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