GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, April 22, the 113th day day of 2016 with 253 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:52 and sunset is @ 7:33. The Full “Pink Moon,” was exact @ 1:24 AM EDT. The morning stars are stars are Neptune, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil. 

1509 – Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII. 

1529 – Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragosa. 

1745 – The Peace of Fussen was signed, restoring the status quo of Germany. 

1792 – U.S. President George Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe. 

1861 – Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces. 

1864 – The U.S. Congress passed legislation that allowed the inscription “In God We Trust” to be included on one-cent and two-cent coins. 

1876 – The first official National League (NL) baseball game took place. Boston beat Philadelphia 6-5. 

1889 – At noon, the Oklahoma land rush officially started as thousands of Americans raced for new, unclaimed land. 

1898 – The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship. 

1914 – Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles. 

1915 – At the Second Battle Ypres the Germans became the first country to use poison gas. 

1915 – The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time. 

1918 – British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge. 

1930 – The U.S., Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding. 

1931 – Egypt signed the treaty of friendship with Iraq. 

1931 – James G. Ray landed an autogyro on the lawn of the White House. 

1944 – During World War II, the Allies launched a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea. 

1952 – An atomic test conducted in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television. 

1954 – The U.S. Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began. 

1967 – Randy Matson set a new world record with a shot put toss of 71 feet, and 5 1/2 inches in College Station, TX. 

1970 – The first “Earth Day” was observed by millions of Americans. 

1976 – Barbara Walters became first female nightly network news anchor. 

1987 – The American Physical Society said that the “Star Wars” missile system was “highly questionable” and would take ten years to research. 

1993 – The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC. 

1997 – In Lima, Peru government commandos storm and capture the residence of the Japanese ambassador ending a 126-day hostage crisis. In the rescue 71 hostages were saved. Those killed: one hostage (of a heart attack), two soldiers, and all 14 rebels. 

1999 – The Watson Family received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

2000 – Elian Gonzalez was reunited with his father. He had to be taken from his Miami relatives by U.S. agents in a predawn raid. 

2000 – ABC-TV aired a small portion of the Clinton-DiCaprio interview. 

2002 – Filippino President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered a state of emergency in the city of General Santos in response to a series of bombing attacks the day before. The attacks were blamed on Muslim extremists. 

2010 – The Boeing X-37 began its first orbital mission. It successfully returned to Earth on December 3, 2010.

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