GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS TUESDAY, December 22, the 357th day of 2015 with 08 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 7:10 and sunset is @ 4:13. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mercury, & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1715 – James Stuart, the “Old Pretender”, landed at Petershead after his exile in France. 

1775 – A Continental naval fleet was organized in the rebellious American colonies under the command of Ezek Hopkins. 

1807 – The U.S. Congress passed the Embargo Act, designed to force peace between Britain and France by cutting off all trade with Europe. 

1864 – During the American Civil War, Union Gen. William T. Sherman sent a message to U.S. President Lincoln from Georgia. The message read, “I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah.” 

1877 – The “American Bicycling Journal” went on sale for the first time. 

1894 – The United States Golf Association was formed in New York City. 

1894 – French army officer Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason in a court-martial that triggered worldwide charges of anti-Semitism. Dreyfus was eventually vindicated. 

1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen made the first X-ray, of his wife’s hand. 

1910 – U.S. Postal savings stamps were issued for the first time. They were discontinued in 1914. 

1939 – Gloria Jacobs became the first girl to hold a world pistol record when she shot 299 out of a possible 300 points. She was 17 years old at the time. 

1943 – Sporting goods manufacturers received permission to use synthetic rubber for the core of baseballs. 1941 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington for a wartime conference with U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt. 

1956 – Colo, the first gorilla to be born in captivity, was born at the Columbus, Ohio zoo. 

1956 – The last British and French forces evacuated Egypt. 

1961 – James Davis became the first U.S. soldier to die in Vietnam, while U.S. involvement was still limited to the provision of military advisers. 

1976 – The last show of “Let’s Make A Deal” was aired. 

1984 – New York City resident Bernhard Goetz shot four black youths on a Manhattan subway. Goetz claimed they were about to rob him. 

1989 – Romania’s hard-line Communist ruler, Nicolae Ceausescu, was overthrown in a popular uprising. 

1990 – Lech Walesa was sworn in as Poland’s first popularly elected president. 

1991 – The body of Lt. Col. William R. Higgins, an American hostage murdered by his captors, was found along a highway in Lebanon. 

1996 – A car bomb exploded in Belfast, injuring a known IRA supporter. Police suspected that Protestant loyalists were responsible for the attack. 

1998 – A unit of RJR Nabsico pled guilty to attempting to smuggle cigarettes into Canada. 

2001 – Thirty Afghans, including two women, were sworn in as part of the new interim government in Afghanistan. Hamid Karzai was the head of the post-Taliban government.

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