GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS WEDNESDAY, April 22, the 112th day of 2015 with 253 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:53 and sunset is @ 7:32. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Mercury, Neptune & Saturn. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1500 – Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral landed on the coast of Brazil and claimed it for Portugal.

1509 – Henry VIII ascended the throne of England following the death of his father, Henry VII.

1662 – King Charles II granted a charter to the Royal Society of London, which became an important scientific organization.

1838 – The first steamship to cross the Atlantic, the British ship Sirius, arrived at New York; it made the crossing in 18 days.

1864 – Congress authorized the use of the phrase “In God We Trust” on U.S. coins.

1889 – The Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon; thousands of homesteaders staked claims.

1898 – The first action of the Spanish-American War was the USS Nashville capturing a Spanish merchant ship off Key West, Florida.

1914 – Babe Ruth made his professional pitching debut, playing for the Baltimore Orioles.

1915 – In World War I, the Germans shocked the world with their use of lethal chlorine gas in combat against French troops in Belgium.

1954 – The televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.

1970 – The first Earth Day was observed.

1976 – Barbara Walters became the first female nightly news anchor on network television.

1993 – The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C. to honor the victims of Nazi extermination.

1994 – Norwegian explorer Borge Ousland became the first person to make the trip to the North Pole alone.

1999 – NATO warplanes struck directly against Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, destroying his luxurious mansion.

2000 – The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.

2005 – In a federal court, Zacarias Moussaoui pled guilty to conspiring with the Sept. 11 hijackers to kill Americans.

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