GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS MONDAY, December 01, the 335th day of 2014 with 30 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:53 and sunset is @ 4:12. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1640 – Portugal regained its independence, driving out the Spaniards.
1824 – The presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed among John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay. John Quincy Adams was declared the winner.
1842 – Midshipman Philip Spencer, son of Secretary of War John C. Spencer, was hanged for mutiny from the yardarm of the USS Somers, the first Navy officer executed for mutiny.
1880 – A telephone was first installed in the White House.
1891 – James Naismith, a physical education teacher at a YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, created the indoor sport of basketball.
1913 – In Pittsburgh, the first drive-in automobile service station opened for business. It was operated by the Gulf Refining Company.
1918 – Iceland became an independent state from Denmark, though still remained under the king of Denmark.
1919 – American-born Lady Nancy Astor was sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament. She became MP for the Sutton division of Plymouth.
1922 – Skywriting was introduced when a pilot flew over New York City and spelled out “hello.”
1934 – Sergei M. Kirov, political rival of Josef Stalin, was assassinated in Leningrad, beginning Stalin’s purge in which he eliminated his opponents in the Communist Party, the government, the armed forces, and the intelligentsia.
1939 – The movie “Gone With the Wind” premiered in New York City.
1942 – Gas rationing went into effect in the United States, as a result of World War II.
1953 – The first issue of “Playboy” magazine was published by Hugh Hefner; it featured Marilyn Monroe as the centerfold.
1955 – Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, defied the law by refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama city bus. Ms. Parks was arrested, setting off a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.
1957 – The New York City Ballet debuted “Agon,” a collaboration of composer Igor Stravinskyand choreographer George Balanchine.
1959 – Twelve countries, including the United States, signed a treaty setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, free from military activity.
1965 – An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland.
1969 – The United States held its first draft lottery since World War II.
1970 – Divorce became legal in Italy, in certain cases.
1978 – President Jimmy Carter put more than 56 million acres of Alaska into the national park system.
1989 – Pope John Paul II and Mikhail Gorbachev met in Rome, ending 70 years of hostility between the Vatican and the USSR.
1990 – The island of Britain was connected to the European mainland for the first time since the Ice Age when a rail tunnel was completed between them.
1991 – Ukrainians voted for independence from the Soviet Union.
1994 – U.S. Congress passed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) treaty.
1999 – An international team of scientists announced it had virtually mapped a human chromosome.
2000 – Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, ending 71 years of ruling-party domination.
2004 – Tom Brokaw signed off “NBC Nightly News” for the last time as principal anchor.