GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, November 28, the 332d day of 2014 with 33 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:50 and sunset is @ 4:13. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1520 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait at the tip of South America that is now named for him. He was the first European explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic Ocean.
1660 – The Royal Society was chartered in London.
1868 – Mt. Etna in Sicily violently erupted.
1895 – The first automobile race took place, 54 miles to Evanston, Illinois; the winner was James Franklin Duryea.
1905 – Sinn Fein (Gaelic for “we ourselves”), a political party dedicated to independence for all of Ireland, was founded in Dublin by Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith.
1912 – Albania declared its independence after more than 400 years of Turkish rule.
1919 – U.S.-born Lady Nancy Astor was elected the first female member of the British Parliament.
1925 – The Grand Ole Opry made its radio debut from Nashville, then called WSM Barn Dance.
1942 – A fire destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston, killing nearly 500 people.
1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leaderJosef Stalin met in Tehran during World War II.
1948 – Edwin Land’s first Polaroid cameras went on sale.
1958 – Chad became an autonomous republic within the French community.
1960 – Mauritania gained independence from France.
1963 – Cape Canaveral, Florida, was renamed Cape Kennedy.
1964 – Mariner 4 was launched, the first successful mission to Mars, taking photographs and instrument readings.
1975 – President Gerald Ford nominated Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the U.S. Supreme Court seat vacated by William O. Douglas.
1994 – Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was murdered in the Columbia Correctional Institute in Portage, Wisconsin, by a fellow inmate.
1995 – President Bill Clinton signed a bill that ended the federal 55-mph speed limit.
1996 – Algerians approved a new constitution and effectively banned Islamic-based parties.