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GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, July 03, the 185th day of 2020 with 181 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:12 and sunset is @ 8:25. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mars, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1608 – The city of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.
1775 – U.S. Gen. George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, MA.
1790 – In Paris, the marquis of Condorcet proposed granting civil rights to women.
1844 – Ambassador Caleb Cushing successfully negotiated a commercial treaty with China that opened five Chinese ports to U.S. merchants and protected the rights of American citizens in China.
1863 – The U.S. Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, PA, ended after three days. It was a major victory for the North as Confederate troops retreated.
1871 – The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company introduced the first narrow-gauge locomotive. It was called the “Montezuma.”
1878 – John Wise flew the first dirigible in Lancaster, PA.
1880 – “Science” began publication. Thomas Edison had provided the principle funding.
1890 – IDaho became the 43rd state to join the United States of America.
1898 – During the Spanish American War, a fleet of Spanish ships in Cuba’s Santiago Harbor attempted to run a blockade of U.S. naval forces. Nearly all of the Spanish ships were destroyed in the battle that followed.
1903 – The first cable across the Pacific Ocean was spliced between Honolulu, Midway, Guam and Manila.
1912 – Rube Marquard of the New York Giants set a baseball pitching record when earned his 19th consecutive win.
1922 – “Fruit Garden and Home” magazine was introduced. It was later renamed “Better Homes and Gardens.”
1924 – Clarence Birdseye founded the General Seafood Corp.
1930 – The U.S. Congress created the U.S. Veterans Administration.
1934 – U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) made its first payment to Lydia Losiger.
1937 – Del Mar race track opened in Del Mar, CA.
1939 – Chic Young’s comic strip character, “Blondie” was first heard on CBS radio.
1940 – Bud Abbott and Lou Costello debuted on NBC radio.
1944 – The U.S. First Army opened a general offensive to break out of the hedgerow area of Normandy, France.
1944 – During World War II, Soviet forces recaptured Minsk.
1945 – U.S. troops landed at Balikpapan and take Sepinggan airfield on Borneo in the Pacific.
1945 – The first civilian passenger car built since February 1942 was driven off the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Detroit, MI. Production had been diverted due to World War II.
1950 – U.S. carrier-based planes attacked airfields in the Pyongyang-Chinnampo area of North Korea in the first air-strike of the Korean War.
1954 – Food rationing ended in Great Britain almost nine years after the end of World War II.
1962 – Jackie Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
1974 – The Threshold Test Ban Treaty was signed, prohibiting underground nuclear weapons tests with yields greater than 150 kilotons.
1981 – The Associated Press ran its first story about two rare illnesses afflicting homosexual men. One of the diseases was later named AIDS.
1986 – U.S. President Reagan presided over a ceremony in New York Harbor that saw the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
1986 – Mikhail Baryshnikov became a U.S. citizen at Ellis Island, New York Harbor.
1991 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush formally inaugurated the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota.
2014 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 17,000 for the first time.