GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SATURDAY, March 04, the 63rd day of 2017 with 302 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:14 and sunset is @ 5:36. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1634 – Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, MA. 

1681 – England’s King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for an area that later became the state of Pennsylvania. 

1766 – The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, which had caused bitter and violent opposition in the U.S.colonies. 

1778 – The Continental Congress voted to ratify the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. The two treaties were the first entered into by the U.S. government. 

1789 – The first Congress of the United States met in New York and declared that the U.S. Constitution was in effect. 

1791 – Vermont was admitted as the 14th U.S. state. It was the first addition to the original 13 American colonies. 

1794 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. The Amendment limited the jurisdiction of the federal courts to automatically hear cases brought against a state by the citizens of another state. Later interpretations expanded this to include citizens of the state being sued, as well. 

1813 – The Russians fighting against Napoleon reached Berlin. The French garrison evacuated the city without a fight. 

1826 – The first railroad in the U.S. was chartered. It was the Granite Railway in Quincy, MA. 

1837 – The state of Illinois granted a city charter to Chicago. 

1861 – The Confederate States of America adopted the “Stars and Bars” flag. 

1877 – Emile Berliner invented the microphone. 

1880 – Halftone engraving was used for the first time when the “Daily Graphic” was published in New York City. 

1881 – Eliza Ballou Garfield became the first mother of a U.S. President to live in the executive mansion. 

1902 – The American Automobile Association was founded in Chicago. 

1904 – In Korea, Russian troops retreated toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese troops advanced. 

1908 – The New York board of education banned the act of whipping students in school. 

1908 – France notified signatories of Algeciras that it would send troops to Chaouia, Morocco. 

1914 – Doctor Fillatre successfully separated Siamese twins. 

1917 – Jeanette Rankin of Montana took her seat as the first woman elected to the House of Representatives. 

1925 – Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office in Washington, DC. The presidential inauguration was broadcast on radio for the first time. 

1930 – Emma Fahning became the first woman bowler to bowl a perfect game in competition run by the Women’s International Bowling Congress in Buffalo, NY. 

1933 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt gave his inauguration speech in which he said “We have nothing to fear, but fear itself.” 

1933 – Labor Secretary Frances Perkins became the first woman to serve in a Presidential administrative cabinet. 

1942 – “Junior Miss” starring Shirley Temple aired on CBS radio for the first time. 

1942 – The Stage Door Canteen opened on West 44th Street in New York City. 

1947 – France and Britain signed an alliance treaty. 

1950 – Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” was released across the U.S. 

1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman dedicated the “Courier,” the first seagoing radio broadcasting station. 

1952 – Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis were married. 

1954 – In Boston, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital reported the first successful kidney transplant. 

1974 – “People” magazine was available for the first time. 

1975 – Queen Elizabeth knighted Charlie Chaplin. 

1986 – “Today” debuted in London as England’s newest, national, daily newspaper. 

1989 – Time, Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. announced a plan to merge. 

1991 – Sheik Saad al-Jaber al-Sabah, the prime minister of Kuwait, returned to his country for the first time since Iraq’s invasion. 

1994 – Bosnia’s Croats and Moslems signed an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia. 

1997 – U.S. President Clinton barred federal spending on human cloning. 

1998 – Microsoft repaired software that apparently allowed hackers to shut down computers in government and university offices nationwide. 

1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court said that federal law banned on-the-job sexual harassment even when both parties are the same sex. 

1999 – Monica Lewinsky’s book about her affair with U.S. President Clinton went on sale in the U.S. 

2002 – Canada banned human embryo cloning but permitted government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions. 

2012 – Vladimir Putin won re-election in Russia’s presidential election.

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