GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, January 16, the 16th day of 2015 with 349 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 7:11 and sunset is @ 4:36. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1547 – Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia.

1786 – The legislature of Virginia adopted a religious freedom statute, drafted by Thomas Jefferson and introduced by James Madison. It was the model for the First Amendment of theConstitution of the United States of America.
1847 – John C. Fremont, the famed “Pathfinder” of Western exploration, was appointed governor of California.
1883 – U.S. Civil Service Commission was established when the Pendleton Act went into effect.
1920 – Prohibition began in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America took effect; it was later repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933.
1920 – The League of Nations held its first meeting, in Paris.
1944 – General Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied Invasion Force in London.
1964 – The musical “Hello, Dolly!” opened on Broadway.
1978 – NASA named 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who became America’s first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Jr., who became America’s first black in space.
1979 – Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the leader of Iran since 1941, was forced to flee the country. Two weeks later, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the spiritual leader of the Islamic revolution, returned after 15 years of exile and took control of Iran.
1991 – The Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) began, with the first fighter aircraft launched from Saudi Arabia and off U.S. and British aircraft carriers on bombing missions overIraq. The goal was to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
1992 – El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war.

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