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GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS TUESDAY, June 23, the 175th day of 2020 with 191 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:07 and sunset is @ 8:25. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mars, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1683 – William Penn signed a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
1700 – Russia gave up its Black Sea fleet as part of a truce with the Ottoman Empire.
1758 – British and Hanoverian armies defeated the French at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 – The Austrians defeated the Prussians at Landshut, Germany.
1757 – Robert Clive defeated the Indians at Plassey and won control of Bengal.
1836 – The U.S. Congress approved the Deposit Act, which contained a provision for turning over surplus federal revenue to the states.
1848 – A bloody insurrection of workers in Paris erupted.
1865 – Confederate General Stand Watie, who was also a Cherokee chief, surrendered the last sizable Confederate army at Fort Towson, in the Oklahoma Territory.
1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention that he called a “Type-Writer.”
1884 – A Chinese Army defeated the French at Bacle, Indochina.
1902 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy renewed the Triple Alliance for a 12 year duration.
1904 – The first American motorboat race got underway on the Hudson River in New York.
1926 – The first lip reading tournament in America was held in Philadelphia, PA.
1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.
1934 – Italy gained the right to colonize Albania after defeating the country.
1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
1938 – Marineland opened near St. Augustine, Florida.
1947 – The U.S. Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
1951 – Soviet U.N. delegate Jacob Malik proposed cease-fire discussions in the Korean War.
1952 – The U.S. Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.
1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.
1964 – Henry Cabot Lodge resigned as the U.S. envoy to Vietnam and was succeeded by Maxwell Taylor.
1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.
1972 – U.S. President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI’s Watergate investigation.
2003 – Apple Computer Inc. unveiled the new Power Mac desktop computer.
2004 – The U.S. proposed that North Korea agree to a series of nuclear disarmament measures over a three-month period in exchange for economic benefits.
2005 – Roger Ebert received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2013 – In Arizona, aerialist Nik Wallenda completed a quarter mile tightrope walk over the Little Colorado River Gorge.
2015 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey completed its 60,000th orbit around Mars. The spacecraft entered orbit on October 23, 2001.
2015 – Verizon announced it had completed its $4.4 billion purchase of AOL, Inc.
2017 – In Los Angeles, CA, the Wilshire Grand Center opened. It opened as the tallest building west of the Mississippi at 1,100 feet.