GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS MONDAY, December 05, the 340th day of 2016 with 26 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:58 and sunset is @ 4:11. The moon is waxing. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mars, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Mercury, Neptune & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1560 – Charles IX succeeded as King of France on the death of Francis II. 

1766 – James Christie, founder of the famous auctioneers, held his first sale in London. 

1776 – In Williamsburg, VA, at the College of William and Mary the first scholastic fraternity in America, Phi Beta Kappa, was organized. 

1782 – The first native U.S. president, Martin Van Buren, was born in Kinderhook, NY. 

1797 – Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Paris to command forces for the invasion of England. 

1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte left his army as they were retreating from Russia. 

1839 – General George Armstrong Custer was born in New Rumley, OH. 

1848 – U.S. President Polk triggered the Gold Rush of ’49 by confirming the fact that gold had been discovered in California. 

1876 – The Stillson wrench was patented by D.C. Stillson. The device was the first practical pipe wrench. 

1901 – Movie producer Walt Disney was born in Chicago. He created his first Mickey Mouse cartoon at the age of 27. 

Disney movies, music and books 

1904 – The Russian fleet was destroyed by the Japanese at Port Arthur, during the Russo-Japanese War. 

1908 – At the University of Pittsburgh, numerals were first used on football uniforms worn by college football players. 

1913 – Britain outlawed the sending of arms to Ireland. 

1932 – German physicist Albert Einstein was granted a visa making it possible for him to travel to the U.S. 

1933 – Prohibition came to an end when Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the U.S.Constitution. 

1934 – Fighting broke out between Italian and Ethiopian troops on the Somalian border. 

1934 – The Soviet Union executed 66 people charged with plotting against Joseph Stalin’s government. 

1935 – In Montebello, CA, the first commercial hydroponics operation was established. 

1936 – The Soviet Union adopted a new Constitution under a Supreme Council. 

1944 – During World War II, Allied troops took Ravenna, Italy. 

1945 – The so-called “Lost Squadron” disappeared. The five U.S. Navy Avenger bombers carrying 14 Navy flyers began a training mission at the Ft. Lauderdale Naval Air Station. They were never heard from again. 

1951 – The first push button-controlled garage opened in Washington, DC. 

1955 – The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO. 

1956 – British and French forces began a withdrawal from Egypt during the Suez War. 

1958 – Britain’s first motorway, the Preston by-pass, was opened by Prime Minister Macmillan. 

1961 – United Nations forces launched an attack in Katanga, the Congo, near Elizabethville. 

1962 – The U.S. and the Soviet Union agreed to cooperate in the peaceful uses of outer space. 

1971 – The Soviet Union, at United Nations Security Council, vetoed a resolution calling for a cease-fire in hostilities between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. 

1976 – Jacques Chirac re-founded the Gaullist party as the RPR (Rassemblement pour la République). 

1977 – Egypt broke diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen due to peaceful relations with Israel. 

1978 – The American space probe Pioneer Venus I, orbiting Venus, began beaming back its first information and picture of the planet. 

1979 – Sonia Johnson was formally excommunicated by the Mormon Church due to her outspoken support for the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution. 

1983 – In west Beirut, Lebanon, more than a dozen people were killed when a car bomb shattered a nine-story apartment building. 

1983 – The video arcade game “NFL Football” was unveiled in Chicago. It was the first video arcade game to be licensed by the National Football League. 

1984 – Iran’s official news agency quoted the hijackers of a Kuwaiti jetliner parked at Tehran airport as saying they would blow up the plane unless Kuwait released 14 imprisoned extremists. 

1985 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 for the first time. 

1986 – The Soviet Union said it would continue to abide by the SALT II treaty limits on nuclear weapons. This was despite the decision by the U.S. to exceed them. 

1988 – Jim Bakker and former aide Richard Dortch were indicted by a federal grand jury in North Carolina on fraud and conspiracy charges. 

1989 – Israeli soldiers killed five heavily armed Arab guerrillas who crossed the border from Egypt. The guerrillas were allegedly going to launch a terrorist attack commemorating the anniversary of the Palestinian uprising. 

1989 – East Germany’s former leaders were placed under house arrest. 

1992 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin kept the power to appoint Cabinet ministers, defeating a constitutional amendment that would have put his team of reformers under the control of Russia’s Congress. 

1998 – James P. Hoffa became the head of the Teamsters union, 23 years after his father was the head. His father disappeared and was presumed dead. 

2001 – In Germany, Afghan leaders signed a pact to create a temporary administration for post-Taliban Afghanistan. Two women were included in the cabinet structure. Hamid Karzai and his Cabinet were planned to take over power in Afghanistan on December 22. 

2008 – The iTunes Music Store reached 300 million applications downloaded. 

2010 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft became the longest-operating spacecraft ever sent to Mars. The Odyssey entered orbit around Mars on October 23, 2001. 

2014 – NASA’s Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) debuted when it was launched for a four hour test flight. It landed on target in the Pacific Ocean.

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