GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS FRIDAY, April 29, the 120th day day of 2016 with 246 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:41 and sunset is @ 7:41. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Neptune, Uranus & Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury & Saturn.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1289 – Qala’un, the Sultan of Egypt, captured Tripoli. 

1429 – Joan of Arc led Orleans, France, to victory over Britain. 

1661 – The Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan. 

1672 – King Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands. 

1813 – Rubber was patented by J.F. Hummel. 

1852 – The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus was published. 

1856 – A peace treaty was signed between England and Russia. 

1858 – Austrian troops invaded Piedmont. 

1861 – The Maryland House of Delegates voted against seceding from Union. 

1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War. 

1864 – Theta Xi was founded in Troy, New York. 

1879 – In Cleveland, OH, electric arc lights were used for the first time. 

1913 – Gideon Sundback patented an all-purpose zipper. 

1916 – Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities in Dublin. 

1918 – Germany’s Western Front offensive ended in World War I. 

1924 – An open revolt broke out in Santa Clara, Cuba. 

1927 – Construction of the Spirit of St. Louis was completed for Lindbergh. 

1941 – The Boston Bees agreed to change their name to the Braves. 

1945 – The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. 

1945 – In a bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married. Hitler designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor. 

1945 – The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated. 

1946 – Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo as war criminals. 

1952 – IBM President Thomas J. Watson, Jr., informed his company’s stockholders that IBM was building “the most advanced, most flexible high-speed computer in the world.” The computer was unveiled April 7, 1953, as the IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine. 

1954 – Ernest Borgnine made his network television debut in “Night Visitor” on NBC-TV. 

1961 – ABC’s “Wide World of Sports” premiered. 

1974 – Phil Donahue’s TV show, “Donahue” moved to Chicago, IL. 

1974 – U.S. President Nixon announced he was releasing edited transcripts of secretly made White House tape recordings related to the Watergate scandal. 

1975 – The U.S. embassy in Vietnam was evacuated as North Vietnamese forces fought their way into Saigon. 

1981 – Steve Carlton, of the Philadelphia Phillies, became the first left-handed pitcher in the major leagues to get 3,000 career strikeouts. 

1984 – In California, the Diablo Canyon nuclear reactor went online after a long delay due to protests. 

1985 – Billy Martin was brought back, for the fourth time, to the position of manager for the New York Yankees. 

1986 – Roger Clemens of the Boston Red Sox set a major-league baseball record by striking out 20 Seattle Mariner batters. 

1988 – The Baltimore Orioles set a new major league baseball record by losing their first 21 games of the season. 

1988 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev promised more religious freedom. 

1990 – The destruction of the Berlin Wall began. 

1992 – Exxon executive Sidney Reso was kidnapped outside his Morris Township, NJ, home by Arthur Seale. Seale was a former Exxon security official. Reso died while in captivity. 

1992 – Rioting began after a jury decision to acquit four Los Angeles policemen in the Rodney King beating trial. 54 people were killed in 3 days. 

1994 – Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris which granted Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho. 

1996 – Former CIA Director William Colby was missing and presumed drowned after an apparent boating accident in Maryland. Colby’s body was later recovered. 

1997 – Staff Sgt. Delmar Simpson, a drill instructor at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, was convicted of raping six female trainees. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison and was dishonorably discharged. 

1997 – Astronaut Jerry Linenger and cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev went on the first U.S.-Russian space walk. 

1998 – The U.S., Canada and Mexico end tariffs on $1 billion in NAFTA trade. 

1998 – Brazil announced a plan to protect a large area of Amazon forest. The area was about the size of Colorado. 

2002 – Kelsey Grammer and his production company, Grammnet Inc., were ordered to pay more than $2 million in unpaid commissions to his former talent agency. 

2003 – Mr. T (Laurence Tureaud) filed a lawsuit against Best Buy Co. Inc., that claimed the store did not have permission to use his likeness in a print ad. 

2009 – NATO expelled two Russian diplomats from NATO headquarters in Brussels over a spy scandal in Estonia. Russia’s Foreign Ministry criticized the expulsions. 

2015 – The White Sox beat the Baltimore Orioles 8-2 at Camden Yards. The game was played without a crowd present due to the ongoing riots and protests in Baltimore. This was the first time a Major League Baseball game was played in front of an empty house. 

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