GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, January 11, the 11th day of 2015 with 354 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 7:13 and sunset is @ 4:30. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Mercury & Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 49 B.C.E. – Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River, plunging Rome into civil war.
1775 – Francis Salvador, the first Jew to be elected in the Americas, took his seat on the South Carolina Provincial Congress.

1805 – The Michigan Territory was created.

1861 – Alabama seceded from the Union.

1922 – Leonard Thompson was the first person to be successfully treated with insulin, at Toronto General Hospital.

1935 – Aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California, that made her the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.

1940 – Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., became the United States Army’s first black general.

1964 – US Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one’s health.

1973 – The American League adopted the “designated hitter” rule in baseball.

2003 – Declaring the death penalty “arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral,” Illinois Governor George Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 condemned inmates, emptying his state’s death row two days before leaving office.

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