GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS THURSDAY, May 18, the 138th day of 2017 with 227 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 5:19 and sunset is @ 8:01. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1302 – The weaver Peter de Coningk led a massacre of the Flemish oligarchs. 

1642 – Montreal, Canada, was founded. 

1643 – Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, was granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king’s will. 

1652 – In Rhode Island, a law was passed that made slavery illegal in North America. It was the first law of its kind. 

1792 – Russian troops invaded Poland. 

1798 – The first Secretary of the U.S. Navy was appointed. He was Benjamin Stoddert. 

1802 – Great Britain declared war on Napoleon’s France. 

1804 – Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed emperor by the French Senate. 

1828 – Battle of Las Piedras ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil. 

1896 – The U.S. Supreme court upheld the “separate but equal” policy in the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision. The ruling was overturned 58 years later with Brown vs. Board of Education. 

1897 – A public reading of Bram Stoker’s new novel, “Dracula, or, The Un-dead,” was performed in London. 

1904 – Brigand Raizuli kidnapped American Ion H. Perdicaris in Morocco. 

1917 – The U.S. Congress passed the Selective Service act, which called up soldiers to fight in World War I. 

1926 – Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, CA. She reappeared a month later with the claim that she had been kidnapped. 

1931 – Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashed his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He was picked up seven hours later by a passing ship. 

1933 – The Tennessee Valley Authority was created. 

1934 – The U.S. Congress approved an act, known as the “Lindberg Act,” that called for the death penalty in interstate kidnapping cases. 

1942 – New York ended night baseball games for the duration of World War II. 

1944 – Monte Cassino, Europe’s oldest Monastic house, was finally captured by the Allies in Italy. 

1949 – Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America was incorporated 

1951 – The United Nations moved its headquarters to New York City. 

1953 – The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, Jacqueline Cochran, piloted an F-86 Sabrejet over California at an average speed of 652.337 miles-per-hour. 

1974 – India became the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb. 

1980 – Mt. Saint Helens erupted in Washington state. 57 people were killed and 3 billion in damage was done. 

1983 – The U.S. Senate revised immigration laws and gave millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program. 

1994 – Israel’s three decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip ended as Israeli troops completed their withdrawal and Palestinian authorities took over. 

1998 – The U.S. federal government and 20 states filed a sweeping antitrust case against Microsoft Corp., saying the computer software company had a “choke hold” on competitors which denied consumer choices by controlling 90% of the software market. 

1998 – U.S. federal officials arrested more than 130 people and seized $35 million. This was the end to an investigation of money laundering being done by a dozen Mexican banks and two drug-smuggling cartels. 

2012 – Facebook Inc. held its initial public offering and began trading on the NASDAQ. The company was valued at $104 billion making it the largest valuation to date for a newly listed public company. 

2014 – Russian President Putin signed a bill to absorb Crimea into the Russian Federation.

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