GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, February 12, the 43rd day of 2017 with 322 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:45 and sunset is @ 5:11. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, Saturn & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus & Venus.

ON THIS DAY IN: 1541 – The city of Santiago, Chile was founded. 

1554 – Lady Jane Grey was beheaded after being charged with treason. She had claimed the throne of England for only nine days. 

1733 – Savannah, GA, was founded by English colonist James Oglethorpe. 

1870 – In the Utah Territory, women gained the right to vote. 

1878 – Frederick W. Thayer patented the baseball catcher’s mask. 

1879 – The first artificial ice rink opened in North America. It was at Madison Square Garden in New York City, NY. 

1880 – The National Croquet League was organized in Philadelphia, PA. 

1892 – In the U.S., President Lincoln’s birthday was declared to be a national holiday. 

1907 – A collision of the steamer Larchmont and a schooler resulted in the death of more than 300 people. The incident occurred off New England’s Block Island. 

1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded. 

1912 – China’s boy emperor Hsuan T’ung announced that he was abdicating, ending the Manchu Ch’ing dynasty. Subsequently, the Republic of China was established. 

1915 – The cornerstone of the Lincoln Memorial was laid in Washington, DC. 

1918 – All theatres in New York City were shut down in an effort to conserve coal. 

1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge made the first presidential political speech on radio. 

1924 – “The Eveready Hour” became radio’s first sponsored network program. The National Carbon Company was the first sponsor of a network show. 

1934 – The Export-Import Bank was incorporated. 

1940 – Mutual Radio presented the first broadcast of the radio play “The Adventures of Superman.” 

1968 – “Soul on Ice” by Eldridge Cleaver was published for the first time. 

1971 – James Cash (J.C.) Penney died at the age of 95. The company closed for business for one-half day as a memorial to the company’s founder. 

1973 – The State of Ohio went metric, becoming the first in the U.S. to post metric distance signs. 

1973 – American prisoners of war were released for the first time during the Vietnam conflict. 

1985 – Johnny Carson surprised his audience by shaving the beard he had been wearing on “The Tonight Show.” 

1993 – In Liverpool, England, a 2-year-old boy, James Bulger, was lured away from his mother at a shopping mall and beaten to death. Two ten-year-old boys were responsible. 

1998 – A U.S. federal judge declared that the presidential line-item veto was unconstitutional. 

1999 – U.S. President Clinton was acquitted by the U.S. Senate on two impeachment articles. The charges were perjury and obstruction of justice. 

2001 – The space probe NEAR landed on the asteroid Eros. It was the first time that any craft had landed on a small space rock. 

2002 – Kenneth Lay, former Enron CEO, exercised his constitutional rights and refused to testify to the U.S.Congress about the collapse of Enron. 

2002 – The trial of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic began at the U.N. tribunal in The Hague. Milosevic was accused of war crimes during the Balkan wars of the 1990s. 

2002 – Pakistan charged three men in connection with the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Karachi. 

2002 – Princess Stephanie of Monaco and Franco Knie won a defamation-of-character lawsuit against the Swiss magazine “Facts.” The case involved a photomontage created by the magazine. 

2003 – The U.N. nuclear agency declared North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint was sent to the Security Council. 

2004 – Mattel announced that “Barbie” and “Ken” were breaking up. The dolls had met on the set of their first television commercial together in 1961. 

2013 – North Korea conducted its third underground nuclear test. 

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