GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS TUESDAY, November 18, the 322nd day of 2014 with 43 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:38 and sunset is @ 4:20. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1477 – William Caxton set “Dictes and Sayenges of the Phylosophers,” the first book to be printed in England. Caxton went on to print almost 100 books in England, including the “Canterbury Tales.”
1626 – St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome was consecrated.
1820 – U.S. Navy Captain Nathaniel Palmer was the first American to sight the continent of Antarctica.
1883 – The United States and Canada adopted the 4-zone Standard Time system.
1928 – The first animated talking picture, “Steamboat Willie,” starring Mickey Mouse, was screened in the U.S.. This is also considered Mickey Mouse’s birthday.
1936 – Germany and Italy recognized the Spanish government of Francisco Franco.
1963 – The push-button telephone debuted. Touch-tone service was available as an option in two Pennsylvania cities.
1976 – Spain’s parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy.
1978 – California Congressman Leo Ryan and four other people were killed in Jonestown, Guyana, by members of the Peoples Temple. They had gone there to investigate the religious sect of Jim Jones, a U.S. pastor. The next night there was mass murder and suicide by 912 cult members.
1987 – The Iran-Contra committee of Congress said in their final report that President Ronald Reagan bore “ultimate responsibility” for wrongdoing of his aides.
1991 – The Shi’ite Muslim faction Islamic Jihad freed Church of England envoy Terry Waite and U.S. university professor Thomas Sutherland.
2004 – Britain outlawed fox hunting with hounds in England and Wales.
2004 – Bill Clinton’s presidential library opened in Little Rock, Arkansas.