GOOD MORNING – TODAY IS SUNDAY, November 16, the 320th day of 2014 with 45 to follow. Sunrise in the Boston area is @ 6:36 and sunset is @ 4:22. The moon is waning. The morning stars are stars are Jupiter, & Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus & Venus.
ON THIS DAY IN: 1532 – The Incan empire fell to Spain.
1676 – The first U.S. prison was established, on Nantucket island.
1776 – British troops captured Fort Washington during the American Revolution.
1821 – Trader William Becknell reached Santa Fe, New Mexico, via the route that will become known as the Santa Fe Trail.
1824 – Australian explorer Hamilton Hume discovered the Murray River, the longest river in Australia.
1864 – Union General William Sherman and his troops began their March to the Sea during the Civil War.
1889 – The Oahu Railway and Land Company began operating in Hawaii.
1907 – Oklahoma became the 46th state of the Union.
1920 – The Russian Civil War ended; the Bolsheviks were victorious.
1920 – Metered mail was born in Stamford, Connecticut with the first Pitney-Bowes postage meter.
1933 – The United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations.
1959 – Rodgers and Hammerstein’s “The Sound of Music” opened on Broadway.
1969 – Lieutenant William Calley, Jr., faced a court martial for directing his platoon in the massacre of at least 400 unarmed peasants in the Vietnamese village of My Lai.
1973 – Skylab 3, carrying three astronauts, launched from Cape Canaveral for an 84-day mission.
1973 – The Alaska Pipeline was signed into law.
1982 – An agreement was announced, ending a 57-day strike by the National Football League players.
1988 – Benazir Bhutto, daughter of former leader Zulfikar Bhutto, was elected prime minister and first female head of state of Pakistan.
1992 – The Roman Catholic Church issued a new universal catechism, addressing modern-day issues.
1993 – Vladimir Lenin’s mausoleum was closed by the Russian authorities.
2004 – President George W. Bush picked National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice to be his new secretary of state, succeeding Colin Powell.